Recognizing that Sandy was not a terrorist-related occurrence brought to light that
the National Security Strategy needs to grasp an even larger picture. In our focus
on terrorism, we overlooked the wrath of nature. To achieve resiliency, we need a
strategy to ensure that our country returns to normalcy as quickly as possible after
a disaster occurs.
Summit on Resilience II: THE NEXT STORM
To help us best understand the complexities in achieving a broader recognition
of resiliency, Pace University (impacted by Superstorm Sandy in that it is located
in lower Manhattan, New York City) decided to explore what happened to those
communities impacted by the superstorm and chose it as the focus of our second
Summit on Resilience.
The second Summit offered a clear picture to the challenges our communities face
from multiple perspectives, part of which were highlighted by two of our keynote
speakers. Stéphane Hallegatte, a senior economist with the World Bank, addressed
the need for global communities to examine some of their futile efforts at rebuilding
in flood-prone locations, as well as recognizing the needs of those who live in these
areas. In response to Hallegatte's challenge, one panelist, Vincent Barella, mayor of
Point Pleasant Beach, (whose community was hard hit by Superstorm Sandy) stated
that if residents in his community are being encouraged to rebuild their homes
on stilts, then those communities in the Midwest that are hard hit by tornadoes,
should consider building their homes below ground.
This observation reflects the
complexities needed to achieve a truly interdisciplinary effort (in this instance,
engineering) that was acknowledged in the white papers generated from
Pace's first Summit.
Directly addressing the complexities of issues in building for the future and the
need for an interdisciplinary effort, Michael Berkowitz, president of the Rockefeller
100 Cities Challenge,
identified some of the criteria on how to achieve a resilient
Key in this criteria is the framework for the disciplines needed to interact and
guide policies for securing a resilient city. Implicit in this framework for resilience,
wherein it is acknowledged that by 2020, 70% of people will be living in urban
centers, is the potential impact for those communities that do not address one or
more of the interconnected components.